Learn About U.S. Education System
Americans attend primary school for a combined total of 12 years. Primary school is referred to as grades 1 – 12.
- Elementary school – around age six, children in U.S. begin school, which is most commonly know as elementary school. Elementary schools are composed of students in grades 1-5.
- Middle School – composed of students in grades 6-8.
- High School – composed of students in grades 9-12. A diploma is awarded upon graduation from high school (12th grade), U.S. students may go on to college or university which is known as higher education.
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Community colleges is a are two-year colleges that award an associate’s degrees (transferable), as well as certifications. Admission to community college is easier and tuition is lower compared to a university or college. Upon completion of a two-year program, most graduates transfer to four-year universities to complete their bachelor’s degree. Since credits earned while attending community college is transferable, students can complete their bachelor’s degree program in two or more additional years. Many also offer ESL (Intensive English Language Programs) and accept international students.
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UNIVERSITY / COLLEGE
United State’s higher education institutions include public or private 4-year universities or colleges. Public universities are run and supported by a state or local government. Most of these public universities have the name of the state: for example, Iowa State University or University of Michigan. Private university/colleges are not run by a branch of the government. Tuition will usually be higher than state schools.
Bachelor’s degree program is an undergraduate program that usually takes four years to complete. Often, bachelor’s degree is required for admittance into a graduate program. Bachelor’s degree include; Accounting, Finance, Engineering, Biology etc.
Master’s degree programs are graduate programs that specializes in a particular area of study. Competing a master’s degree program usually takes 1-2 years in additions to 4-year bachelor’s degree (6 years total). Master’s degrees include; Business Administration, Finance, Architecture, Nursing etc.
Doctorate degree ( Ph.D.) programs are the most advanced type of degree program available. In order to be accepted into doctoral degree program, individuals may be required to hold a master’s degree, although several programs accept candidates with only bachelor’s degrees. Completing a Ph.D. program usually takes around 3-4 years in addition to master’s degree (9 years total). Doctoral degrees include; Juris Doctor (J.D.), Doctor of Medicine (M.D.), Doctor of Dental Surgery (DDS)
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